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Neopetrosia proxima   (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)

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Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Demospongiae | Haplosclerida | Petrosiidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 4.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)

Environment

Sessile; brackish

Climate / Range

Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Atlantic.

Short description

Thick crusts: 1 - 4 cm in thickness, or sprawling masses with lobes. Color red-brown to pink externally and tan to yellowish internally. Oscules: 0.3 - 1 cm in diameter. Smooth surface, sometimes with zoanthids. Hard and fragile in consistency (Ref. 415). Porous surface, rugged with narrow conical to flattened protuberances. Dark greenish brown exteriorly, cream interior. Adhesive mucus exudate when animal is cut and touched. Flush oscules slightly elevated (Ref. 85482).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum body thickness: 4 cm (Ref. 415). Common on sand and hard bottoms (Ref. 85482) of reef environments, coral rubble and seagrass beds (Ref. 415). Also found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). It hosts alpheid shrimps in its canals (Ref. 86626). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses


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Length-length
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References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown