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Neopetrosia proxima   (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)

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Classification
Demospongiae | Haplosclerida | Petrosiidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 4.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)

Environment
Sessile; brackish

Climate / Range
Subtropical

Distribution
Western Atlantic.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Thick crusts: 1 - 4 cm in thickness, or sprawling masses with lobes. Color red-brown to pink externally and tan to yellowish internally. Oscules: 0.3 - 1 cm in diameter. Smooth surface, sometimes with zoanthids. Hard and fragile in consistency (Ref. 415). Porous surface, rugged with narrow conical to flattened protuberances. Dark greenish brown exteriorly, cream interior. Adhesive mucus exudate when animal is cut and touched. Flush oscules slightly elevated (Ref. 85482).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum body thickness: 4 cm (Ref. 415). Common on sand and hard bottoms (Ref. 85482) of reef environments, coral rubble and seagrass beds (Ref. 415). Also found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). It hosts alpheid shrimps in its canals (Ref. 86626). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown