Demospongiae | Poecilosclerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Reef-associated; depth range 2 - 67 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 80.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Thick encrusting: 0.4 - 3 cm, or massive to large vases: up to 80 cm wide and high. Brown-red in color externally, tan internally. Surface varies from smooth and porous, to corrugated and micro hispid, somewhat velvety. Oscules dispersed: 0.3 - 0.6 cm wide. Firm but fragile (Ref. 415).
On reef environments, usually under 5 m deep (Ref. 415). Also found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100)