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Nematocarcinus africanus   Crosnier & Forest, 1973

African spider shrimp

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Nematocarcinus africanus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Nematocarcinus africanus
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Nematocarcinidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 200 - 755 m (Ref. 434), usually 300 - 600 m (Ref. 434).  Tropical; 5°C - 12°C (Ref. 434); 16°N - 20°S, 18°W - 14°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Atlantic: from Senegal to Namibia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 434)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum depth from Ref. 104448. Exclusively occurs in deep-sea, living in soft mud deep sea bottom (Ref. 98500). Predominantly benthic species inhabiting only muddy bottoms in cold waters (5-12°C). Vertical distribution varies in size, older individuals occur in deeper depth range from 200 to 700 m, most abundant between 300 and 600 m (Ref. 434). Key functional intermediate between decaying organic matter and larger invertebrates and fish (Ref. 107108). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Fischer, W., G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.). 1981. (Ref. 434)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: of potential interest
| FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.3 - 11, mean 8.8 (based on 29 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown