Gastropoda | Neogastropoda
Gusso, C.C., M.F. Gravina and F.R. Maggiore. 2001. (Ref. 2780)
Size / Weight / Age
Demersal; depth range 3 - 30 m (Ref. 96485)
Climate / Range
Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Maximum depth range from Ref. 96487. Carnivore; trophic level 2.6 (Ref. 96418); also a scavenger (Ref. 96488). Found in the sublittoral zone (Ref. 96487). Inhabits rocky, detritic sandy bottoms (Ref. 96485); and soft substrata (Ref. 96488). Found also in Laminara digitata forest (Ref. 96418) and Zostera marina beds (Ref. 96488). Members of the order Neogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models