Bivalvia | Mytiloida
Demir, M. 2003. (Ref. 2754)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 15.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95344)
Benthic; depth range 125 - 200 m (Ref. 2754)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 61°N - 30°N, 11°W - 36°E
Northeast Atlantic, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Introduced in the Arctic, Indian and Pacific Oceans.
The shell lacks radiating ridges containing three small teeth below the beak. The exterior is often bluish black with the interior portion being dull blue (Ref. 310).
Found in warmer waters (Ref. 95344). Occurs in quiet waters and lives lower in the intertidal zone attached to rock substrates (Ref. 310). Smaller individuals move to the outer edge of the colony (Ref. 310). Feeds on a variety of phyto- and zooplankton (Ref. 112108). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(Aquaculture: production, fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)