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Mytilus galloprovincialis   Lamarck, 1819

Mediterranean mussel

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Mytilus galloprovincialis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Mytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)
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Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Bivalvia | Mytiloida | Mytilidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Demir, M. 2003. (Ref. 2754)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 15.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95344)


Benthic; depth range 125 - 200 m (Ref. 2754)

Climate / Range

Tropical; 61°N - 30°N, 11°W - 36°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Northeast Atlantic, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Introduced in the Arctic, Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Short description

The shell lacks radiating ridges containing three small teeth below the beak. The exterior is often bluish black with the interior portion being dull blue (Ref. 310).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in warmer waters (Ref. 95344). Occurs in quiet waters and lives lower in the intertidal zone attached to rock substrates (Ref. 310). Smaller individuals move to the outer edge of the colony (Ref. 310). Feeds on a variety of phyto- and zooplankton (Ref. 112108). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)


CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production, fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Aquaculture: species profile; fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)