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Mytilus galloprovincialis   Lamarck, 1819

Mediterranean mussel

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Mytilus galloprovincialis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Mytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)
Mytilus galloprovincialis
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Bivalvia | Mytiloida | Mytilidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 125 - 200 m (Ref. 2754).  Tropical, preferred 16°C (Ref. 107945); 61°N - 30°N, 11°W - 36°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Northeast Atlantic, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Introduced in the Arctic, Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 15.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95344)

Short description Morphology

The shell lacks radiating ridges containing three small teeth below the beak. The exterior is often bluish black with the interior portion being dull blue (Ref. 310).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in warmer waters (Ref. 95344). Occurs in quiet waters and lives lower in the intertidal zone attached to rock substrates (Ref. 310). Smaller individuals move to the outer edge of the colony (Ref. 310). Feeds on a variety of phyto- and zooplankton (Ref. 112108). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Demir, M. 2003. (Ref. 2754)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production, fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Aquaculture: species profile; fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Medium