Bivalvia | Mytiloida
Environment / Climate / Range
Benthic. Tropical; 30°N - 29°S, 114°W - 34°W
Eastern Central Pacific and Western Atlantic: Mexico and Southern Caribbean to southeast Brazil.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 2 - 4.296 cm Max length : 7.0 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83435); common length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 344)
Shell mussel-shaped, elongate, ventral region concave. Oblique ridge runs anterodorsal to posteroventral region of valve. Umbones subterminal. Posterior part of the mantle with branching tentacles. Colour: externally greenish on posterodorsal region (above ridge) and yellowish brown on anteroventral region (below ridge).
Intertidal in bays and protected areas, forming clumps attached to mangrove prop roots or other hard substrates (Ref. 344) via its byssus (Ref. 104222). Attached to mangrove roots, particularly on Rhizophorae mangle (Ref. 104222). Some found to be buried in substrate. Also occurs in a river estuary. Highly tolerant to salinity variations (Ref. 104223). Parasitic on this mussel are Rickettsia-like organisms, Apicomplexa and Platyhelminthes (Ref. 104222). In general, suspension feeding bivalves mainly depend on phytoplankton and detritus material for nutrition (Ref. 107088). Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Leal, J.H. 2003. (Ref. 344)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.9 - 28.7, mean 27.3 (based on 614 cells).