Bivalvia | Veneroida
LÃ³pez-Jamar, E., G. GonzÃ¡lez and J. Mejuto. 1986. (Ref. 2778)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Western Indian Ocean, Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean: Europe.
Found in estuarine and inshore areas (Ref. 96352) or near-coastal zones in a variety of sediment types but commonly in fine-grained to muddy substrates (Ref. 7882). Usually associated with rich organic sediment (Ref. 96352). Often associated with the brittle star Acrocnida brachiata (Ref. 7882). A subsurface suspension feeder (Ref. 96501), i.e., a microvore that feeds on organic detritus (Ref. 96352). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models