Demospongiae | Halichondrida
Engel, S. and J.R. Pawlik. 2005. (Ref. 837)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 13 - 83 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic: USA and Caribbean.
Only oscular areas are visible as orange-yellow patches. Buried surfaces or free sides have circular grooves, contracting when handled and forming warts. Encrusting. Consistency: crumbly, soft.
Found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models