Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 33°N - 8°N, 98°W - 58°W (Ref. 848)
Central Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea and Bermuda.
Formation: solid, rounded, often circular plates. Valleys: continuous, broad, shallow but sometimes deep; radiating from the original point of growth; with one row of mouths; short walls possible. Septo-costae possibly thinner than intervening spaces. Corallite centers: vaguely concentric to plate margins. Rudimentary or absent columellae. Color: often mottled gray or brown; also combinations of pink, green, and gray, with valleys and walls of contrasting colors (Ref. 848).
Occurs in most reef environments (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models