Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 24°N - 8°N, 92°W - 58°W (Ref. 848)
Western Central Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea.
Formation: thin plates, weakly attached with interconnecting, slightly sinuous narrow valleys. Corallite centers usually in single rows. Absent or rudimentary columellae. Color: often grays and browns, with valleys and walls of contrasting color (Ref. 848).
Occurs in shallow reef environments (Ref. 848). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models