Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 24°N - 8°N, 92°W - 58°W (Ref. 848)
Western Central Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea.
Formation: weakly attached plates, often circular. Little valley formation, especially towards the colony center, with 2 or more rows of mouth. Thick septo-costae, with large dentations. Absent columellae. Color: brown or green, often with white centers (Ref. 848).
Occurs in most reef environments (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models