Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 847)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 6 - 368 m (Ref. 8294)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 28°S, 32°E - 137°W (Ref. 847)
Western Central Pacific.
Maximum depth from Ref. 100936. Occurs in most tropical reef habitats protected from strong wave action. Colonies inhabit shallow fore reef areas but are more common on slopes and overhangs (Ref. 98471). Has moderate bleaching level and moderate estimated mortality in Palau (Ref. 66144). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models