Demospongiae | Poecilosclerida
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 10.0 cm BRW male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 5 - 20 m (Ref. 108813)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean wide.
Thin or thick encrustations. Surface is smooth and porous, covered by a transparent membrane. When substrate is overturned, distinct canals converging on oscules are visible. Round oscules, found along the outer edge of the surface; elevated by a tall transparent collar membrane with fine parallel lines. Orange-yellow externally, lighter internally (Ref. 415); specimens may be white in dark habitats. Canals and oscular membrane whitish to transparent. Fragile. Easily torn, spicule tracts may be slightly tough. Exudate absent (Ref. 85482).
It is an epibiotic species found on hard substrates (Ref. 108813). In reefs, encrusting the undersides of corals. Occasionally in mangroves where it can grow to record size (Ref. 415). Lines the edges of plate-like or overhanging stony coral colonies (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)