Demospongiae | Poecilosclerida
Environment / Climate / Range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 5 - 20 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical; 25°C - 33°C (Ref. 86836)
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean wide.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.0 cm BRW male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
It is an epibiotic species found on hard substrates (Ref. 108813). In reefs, encrusting the undersides of corals. Occasionally in mangroves where it can grow to record size (Ref. 415). Lines the edges of plate-like or overhanging stony coral colonies (Ref. 85482). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Thin or thick encrustations. Surface is smooth and porous, covered by a transparent membrane. When substrate is overturned, distinct canals converging on oscules are visible. Round oscules, found along the outer edge of the surface; elevated by a tall transparent collar membrane with fine parallel lines. Orange-yellow externally, lighter internally (Ref. 415); specimens may be white in dark habitats. Canals and oscular membrane whitish to transparent. Fragile. Easily torn, spicule tracts may be slightly tough. Exudate absent (Ref. 85482).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.2 - 28.3, mean 27.5 (based on 416 cells; Ref. 115970
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)