Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 30°N - 9°N, 98°W - 61°W (Ref. 848)
Western Central Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico to Caribbean Sea.
Formation: flat to hemispherical; phaceloid to flabello-meandroid with short valleys up to 5 centers. Septa: with tall sharp teeth. Well developed columellae. Thick and fleshy retracted polyps. Color: usually gray, purple, or green (Ref. 848).
Occurs in most reef environments (Ref. 848). Also in submarine caves (Ref. 87209). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models