Gastropoda | Neogastropoda
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 349)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 15.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349); common length : 10.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 340 m (Ref. 349)
Climate / Range
Indo-West Pacific: from East Africa including Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands, to eastern Melanesia; north to Japan and south to Queensland and New Caledonia.
Collected for the edible flesh and the elegant shell which is much favoured among collectors. The numerous and long spines provide an efficient protection against predators (Ref. 349). It is also found on the continental shelf; offshore (Ref. 349). Members of the order Neogastropoda are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)