Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 846)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Tropical; 22°N - 12°S, 95°E - 133°E (Ref. 846)
Colonies: encrusting or laminar base, with closely compacted short upright branches. Coenosteum ridges: vertical; but may be irregular. Corallites: large and prominent. Dark brown; usually with white coenosteum ridges and branch tips (Ref. 846).
Shallow reef environments and rocky foreshores (Ref. 846). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models