Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 846)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Tropical; 30°N - 12°S, 32°E - 78°E (Ref. 846)
Colonies: encrusting to submassive; with exsert corallites surrounded by a neat circle of thecal papillae. Coenosteum papillae: prominent; giving colonies a spiny appearance. Mottled brown; cream or red-brown (Ref. 846).
Shallow reef environments (Ref. 846). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models