Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 846)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 101964)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 29°N - 31°S, 35°E - 154°W (Ref. 846)
Colonies: submassive or are flat plates; with or without nodular upgrowths. Corallites: small; immersed on flat parts of colonies; exsert on upgrowths; rims of very irregular papillae. Coenosteum papillae: present on upgrowths (Ref. 846).
On shallow (Ref. 846) to mid reef slopes (Ref. 98471). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models