Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 846)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 48 m (Ref. 101963)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 34°S, 27°E - 176°W (Ref. 846)
Indo-Pacific. Tropical to subtropical.
Colonies are massive or are unifacial or bifacial thick plates which may be tiered in large colonies. Corallites: mostly immersed. Coenosteum: covered with papillae and/or tuberculae. Pale brown or blue; with blue or white margins (Ref. 846).
Mostly found in upper reef slopes (Ref. 846) but also grows on deeper reef areas (Ref. 98471). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models