Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 846)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 8294)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 35°N - 30°S, 39°E - 135°W (Ref. 846)
Indo-Pacific. Tropical to subtropical.
Maximum depth from Ref. 98471. Found mostly in turbid waters (Ref. 846) as well as in clear waters (Ref. 98471). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models