Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 846)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 27°S, 40°E - 154°E (Ref. 846)
Colonies are composed of thin delicate unifacial laminae forming flat or slightly upright whorls or irregular contortions. Corallites are immersed, but clearly visible. Coenosteum: coarse. No papillae. Surfaces of fronds: finely rough appearance. Polyps may be extended during the day. Pale brown or mauve.
Shallow turbid reef environments and lagoons (Ref. 846). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models