Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 846)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 1 - 26 m (Ref. 101960)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 35°N - 32°S, 32°E - 135°W (Ref. 846)
Indo-Pacific. Tropical to subtropical.
Colonies: massive; the surface being flat or consisting of an irregular series of mounds or short columns. Coenosteum: covered with papillae which are usually elongate on mounds and short on flat plates. Thecal papillae: longer than coenosteum papillae; form a ring around corallites openings. Bright or dark green; sometimes cream; brown; blue or pink.
Found on upper reef environments (Ref. 846). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models