Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 846)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 98471)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 22°N - 32°S, 81°E - 109°W (Ref. 846)
Colonies are submassive or encrusting plates or form flat tiers. Corallites are immersed or exsert (intermixed); or conical with thick thecae. Thecal and coenosteum papillae are both thick. Uniformly brown or blue. Corallites centers may be brightly colored (Ref. 846).
Upper and lower reef slopes (Ref. 846). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models