Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 846)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 2 - 20 m (Ref. 98471)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 20°N - 28°S, 95°E - 180°E (Ref. 846)
Colonies: massive; or thick unifacial or bifacial plates; with irregularly shaped upgrowths near the center. Corallites: immersed. Coenosteum papillae: of mixed sizes or two distinct sizes, larger being the diameter of the corallites. Yellowish or brown (Ref. 846).
Found on shallow reef environment (Ref. 846), especially in mid-reef slopes (Ref. 98471). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models