Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Ross, M.A. and G. Hodgson. 1981. (Ref. 8294)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 3 - 40 m (Ref. 8294)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 34°S, 32°E - 108°W (Ref. 848)
Indo-Pacific: Japan to Australia and Red Sea to Easter Island.
Maximum depth from Ref. 98471. Occurs at intertidal rock pools, subtidal reefs (Ref. 88997), especially rocky reefs, outer reef channel, back and foreslope and in lagoons (Ref. 98471). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models