Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Sessile; depth range 0 - 2000 m (Ref. 87091)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 33°N - 25°S, 98°W - 10°E (Ref. 848)
Atlantic Ocean: Bermuda to Brazil and Mexico to Gabon.
Colonies are massive, forming boulders or domes, or are flat plates. Corallites are variable but are usually conical and exsert. Long and short septa strongly alternate, with alternate septa joined to the columella. Commonly green, brown, grey, or orange.
Common throughout the Caribbean to a depth of 70 m (Ref. 415). In Belize, it was found in a submarine cave near Columbus Cay at a depth of 10 m (Ref. 87209). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models