Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 0 - 2000 m (Ref. 87091)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 33°N - 8°N, 98°W - 58°W (Ref. 848)
Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico to Caribbean and Bermuda.
Colonies are massive, columnar, or flat. Corallites are flush with the colony surface to conical, this variation mostly occurring between rather than within, colonies. Septo-costae are nearly arranged. Long and short septae alternate. Columellae are small and compact. Brown and yellowish in color.
Known from a submarine cave at a depth of 10 m (Ref. 87209). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models