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Monetaria caputdraconis   (Melvill, 1888)

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Monetaria caputdraconis
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Neotaenioglossa | Cypraeidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Demersal; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 94005).  Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Southeast Pacific: Easter Island and Sala y Gómez. Endemic to Easter Island.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 2.9, range 2 - 4.01 cm Max length : 3.5 cm ShL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8763)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Under rocks in 0.6-0.9 m along rock shoreline and in tide pools; also in holes and crevices at or just below tide line (Ref. 87884). Egg mass incubated and protected by the female under her foot (Ref. 93583). Female: stage F1 (initial maturity) - gonad yellow, gonadal acini with active initial oogenesis, germinal line with small oogonia and initial previtellogenic oocytes bearing germinal vesicle; stage F2 (peak maturity) - gonad yellow, gonadal acini with complete oogenesis, germinal line filled with free and very large vitellogenic oocytes; stage F3 (regression or post-gamete release, with occasional gonadal recovery) - gonad cream or brown, gonadal acini contracted. Male: stage M1 (initial maturity) - gonad orange, acini with early germinal line, spermatogonia and spermatocytes predominate, penis present; stage M2 (peak maturity) - gonad orange, complete germinal line in gonadal acini; elongate spermatids arranged in tiers filling the acini lumen; stage M3 (regression or maximum release) - gonad translucent, gonadal acini occupied by few residual spermatids of a prior release. The species is reproductively active year-round. More than one male could compulate with a female.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Egg mass incubated and protected by the female under her foot (Ref. 93583). Female: stage F1 (initial maturity) - gonad yellow, gonadal acini with active initial oogenesis, germinal line with small oogonia and initial previtellogenic oocytes bearing germinal vesicle; stage F2 (peak maturity) - gonad yellow, gonadal acini with complete oogenesis, germinal line filled with free and very large vitellogenic oocytes; stage F3 (regression or post-gamete release, with occasional gonadal recovery) - gonad cream or brown, gonadal acini contracted. Male: stage M1 (initial maturity) - gonad orange, acini with early germinal line, spermatogonia and spermatocytes predominate, penis present; stage M2 (peak maturity) - gonad orange, complete germinal line in gonadal acini; elongate spermatids arranged in tiers filling the acini lumen; stage M3 (regression or maximum release) - gonad translucent, gonadal acini occupied by few residual spermatids of a prior release. The species is reproductively active year-round. More than one male could compulate with a female.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Heiman, E. 2007. (Ref. 8761)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)