Advertisement

You can sponsor this page

Monetaria annulus   (Linnaeus, 1758)

gold ring cowrie

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Monetaria annulus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS

Classification Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Gastropoda | Neotaenioglossa | Cypraeidae

Main reference References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 349)

Size / Weight / Age

Max length : 4.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349); common length : 3.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349)

Environment

Benthic; depth range 1 - 8 m (Ref. 101216)

Climate / Range

Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Mainly collected for shellcraft. Formerly used as a currency in many areas of the world, the shell is also still used as a divinatory item by some animist tribes, particularly in tropical Africa. Empty shells of Cypraea annulus collected outside this area were carried there by ships when to his cowry was used as a currency (Ref. 349). Widespread in the shallow water, occurring in every kind of habitat (Ref. 349). Members of the family Cypraeidae are primarily carnivores (Ref. 67623). Members of the order Neotaenioglossa are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown