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Monanchora arbuscula   (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)


Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Monanchora arbuscula   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Monanchora arbuscula
Picture by Jan Messersmith

Classification
Demospongiae | Poecilosclerida | Crambeidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 80.0 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)

Environment
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 2 - 58 m (Ref. 108813)

Climate / Range
Tropical

Distribution
Western Atlantic.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Short description
Encrusting, massive: 0.2 - 4 cm or ramose: 50 - 80 cm high. Dark red externally and internally. Surface has a transparent-whitish membrane, with radial canals that converge in oscula: 0.3 - 2 cm in diameter (Ref. 415). Low or tall masses in bushy, rounded or fan-shaped forms; occassional short tube-like lobes ending in oscules. Short, irregular branched extensions, or ridges or lumps, supported by subdermal skeletal elements. Elevated oscules. Transparent exhalant canal systems may converge around oscules, revealing red to red-orange interior color, but collapses and becomes inconspicuos when animal is taken out of water. Soft tissue consistency; exudate stains fingers when handled. Tough skeleton. Plumose tracts of the principal subtylostyles support encrusting specimens at the base; while a central meshwork of plumose spicules surrounded by spongin are present in thicker, bushy, massive and fan-shaped specimens (Ref. 85482).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Common on species in shallow reefs. In cryptic habitats it grows as thin crust (Ref. 415); may encrust dead corals, mollusk shells and gorgonian axes. Also on hard bottoms (Ref. 85482) and mangrove ponds (Ref. 86789). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown