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Monachus monachus   (Hermann, 1779)

Mediterranean monk seal
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Image of Monachus monachus (Mediterranean monk seal)
Picture by FAO

Classification
Mammalia | Carnivora | Phocidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 280 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 400.0 kg (Ref. 1394)

Environment
Bathydemersal

Climate / Range
Subtropical; 90°N - 0°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits rocky coastlines, with a preference for sea caves and grottos that are generally inaccessible from land (and sometimes have only submarine entrances). In West Africa, they come ashore on open beaches. Feeds on octopus, at least 1 type of ray, and a variety of fishes (Ref. 1394). Found in rocky coastlines, with a preference for sea caves and grottos that are generally inaccessible from land (and sometimes have only submarine entrances). In West Africa, they come ashore on open beaches. Feeds on octopus, at least 1 type of ray, and a variety of fishes (Ref. 1394).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

  Endangered (EN) (C2a(i))

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |

More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Very high vulnerability (90 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown