Holothuroidea | Molpadiida
Gutt, J. 1991. (Ref. 2545)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 25 - 2098 m (Ref. 85345)
Climate / Range
Antarctic, Atlantic, Western Central Pacific and the Mediterranean Sea.
Lives buried in sediment (Ref. 2545). Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models