Ascidiacea | Pleurogona
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; depth range 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 3435). Polar
Southwest Atlantic, Indo-Pacific and the Antarctic: From Antarctica to sub-Antarctic islands and South America.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 2588)
This Molgula is the largest species of the genus in the Antarctic; it may reach 10 cm in diameter for the body and 20 to 30 cm in length for the peduncle (Ref. 2588). Known from depths of 0 to 1000 m (Ref. 3435). Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Tatian, M., R.J. Sahade, M.E. Doucet and G.B. Esnal. 1998. (Ref. 1753)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
): 0.2 - 9, mean 3.2 (based on 414 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)