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Mirounga angustirostris   (Gill, 1866)

northern elephant seal
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Mirounga angustirostris
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Mammalia | Carnivora | Phocidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 1580 m (Ref. 1394).  Subtropical; 90°N - 10°N, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Pacific.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 500 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); 300 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 2.2 t (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 2.2 t

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Feeds on squids, small sharks, and deep water fishes (Ref. 1394). Feeds on squids, small sharks, and deep water fishes (Ref. 1394). When hunting, this mammal plunges to depths of 300 to 800 meters and shuts down blood flow to critical organs resulting to excessive blood levels of carbon monoxide (Ref. 95857).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Very high vulnerability (90 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown