Gastropoda | Heterostropha
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum. 2005. (Ref. 19)
Size / Weight / Age
Host; depth range 13 - 90 m (Ref. 104934)
Climate / Range
Indo-West Pacific: Philippines.
Parasitic (Ref. 107291). Majority of the members of the family Pyramidellidae are marine ectoparasitic species on a variety of hosts such as polychaetes and molluscs. They pierce the tissue of their hosts and suck out body fluids (Ref. 107304). Members of the order Heterostropha are mostly simultaneous hermaphrodites (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models