Gymnolaemata | Cheilostomata
Environment / Climate / Range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 400 m (Ref. 865). Temperate
Northeast Pacific and the Arctic: USA and Canada.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 7.0 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 865)
It is found on hard bottoms in subtidal areas to a depth of 400 meters (Ref. 865). Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the phylum Bryozoa are hermaphroditic. Both fertilization and egg brooding may either be internal or external.
Lamb, A., D. Gibbs and C. Gibbs. 2011. (Ref. 93817)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models