Malacostraca | Decapoda
Coelho Filho, P.A. 2004. (Ref. 2364)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 10 - 311 m (Ref. 97531)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 37°N - 26°S, 98°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: from North Carolina to Gulf of Mexico, Antilles to Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Occurs on sandy, gravel, coral and broken-shell bottoms (Ref. 104219). Also on deep reef (Ref. 104217). Members of the family Xanthidae range from being algal scrapers to aggressive predators (Ref. 103027). Life cycle: Eggs hatch into pre-zoeae larvae of short duration, undergo four zoeal stages, later molt into megalopa stage before further molting into adult or sexual stage (Ref. 104789). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models