Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Bisby, F.A., M.A. Ruggiero, K.L. Wilson, M. Cachuela-Palacio, S.W. Kimani, Y.R. Roskov, A. Soulier-Perkins and J. van Hertum. 2005. (Ref. 19)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 22°N - 11°S, 77°E - 154°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka to Papua New Guinea, north to Philippines, south to Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia.
Formation: massive, cerioid, with circular corallites between 5 to 6 mm in diameter. Thick walls. Beaded septa. Poorly developed columellae. Thick fleshy tissue over the skeleton absent. Grooves and tubercle structure separating corallites may be present. In situ, can easily be mistaken for a faviid with small corallites. Color: pale gray (Ref. 848).
Occurs in shallow reef environments (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models