Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 848)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 22°N - 11°S, 77°E - 131°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka, Philippines to Indonesia.
Formation: massive, cerioid, with hexagonal or pentagonal corallites between 3 to 4 mm in diameter. Thin walls. Beaded septa. Poorly developed columellae. Thick fleshy tissue over the skeleton absent. Color: brown with pale gray centers, surface usually with white speckles. In situ, can easily be mistaken for a faviid with small corallites (Ref. 848).
Occurs in shallow reef environments (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models