Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Veron, J.E.N. 2000. (Ref. 848)
Size / Weight / Age
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 98471)
Climate / Range
Subtropical; 36°N - 27°S, 43°E - 172°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: Yemen, Indonesia to Melanesia, north to Japan and south to Queensland, Australia.
Formation: cerioid, with neat angular corallites up to 8 mm in diameter. Septa with 1 to 3 teeth. Mantle: thick and fleshy, usually covered with fine papillae. Color: gray, except in Japan where it is brick red or green (Ref. 848).
Occurs in protected reef environments and rocky foreshores (Ref. 848). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models