Ascidiacea | Pleurogona
Environment / Climate / Range
Sessile; depth range 0 - 17 m (Ref. 116065). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean: East Africa, Subantarctic, Southeast America. Tropical and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86424)
Identified as a possible Lessepsian migrant, present at least in Red Sea and eastern Mediterranean (Ref. 85347). Also found on coral reefs (Refs. 415, 102332), in mangroves (Ref. 1757, 86424), specifically on their roots (Ref. 102332), piers and pilings (Ref. 86424). Present in all warm, very shallow seas and is common in harbors and ship hulls (Ref. 2673). Solitary (Ref. 1758). Filter-feeder (Ref. 68823). Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Collin, R., M.C. DÃaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. SÃ¡nchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. ValdÃ©s. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
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Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)