Ascidiacea | Pleurogona
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86424)
Sessile; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 102332)
Climate / Range
Indo-West Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean: East Africa, Subantarctic, Southeast America. Tropical and subtropical.
Identified as a possible Lessepsian migrant, present at least in Red Sea and eastern Mediterranean (Ref. 85347). Also found on coral reefs (Refs. 415, 102332), in mangroves (Ref. 1757, 86424), specifically on their roots (Ref. 102332), piers and pilings (Ref. 86424). Present in all warm, very shallow seas and is common in harbors and ship hulls (Ref. 2673). Solitary (Ref. 1758). Filter-feeder (Ref. 68823). Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
| FisheriesWiki |
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)