Anthozoa | Actiniaria
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 5.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 865)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 87801)
Climate / Range
Pacific Ocean and Northeast Atlantic.
Size refers to column diameter (Ref. 865). This is an attached species (Ref. 3123), found on mussels, rocks and other biogenic substrates. It expels acontia when disturbed (Ref. 87801). Solitary (Ref. 2377). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models