Anthozoa | Actiniaria
Stuckey, F.G.A. and M.A. Wellington. 1914. (Ref. 89044)
Size / Weight / Age
Climate / Range
Southwest Pacific: Kermadec Islands.
Grayish in situ. Adherent pedal disc wider than the cylindrical column. Cinclides present on the upper part of the column. Tentacles crowded and arranged in 4 to 5 cycles; may have black tips. Mesogloea in variable thickness, appears fibrillar in structure and contains numerous collections of cells. Weak mesogloeal sphincter is present. Forty-five pairs of mesenteries arranged in 4 cycles (Ref. 89044).
Occurs on the under-side of stones on muddy or sandy bottoms (Ref. 89044). Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models