Malacostraca | Decapoda
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 13.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8)
Benthic; depth range 1 - 90 m (Ref. 8), usually ? - 50 m (Ref. 801)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 30°N - 30°S, 30°E - 71°E (Ref. 111099)
Western Indian Ocean: East Africa to Pakistan and India. Introduced in the Mediterranean.
Maximum depth from Ref.103562. From edge subtidal (Ref. 801) to depths of 90 m on bottom mud or sandy mud substrates (Ref. 8). Juveniles inhabit nearshore and adults deeper water usually less than 50 m (Ref. 801). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; bait: occasionally
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)