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Metapenaeus monoceros   (Fabricius, 1798)

speckled shrimp
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Metapenaeus monoceros
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; brackish; depth range 1 - 170 m (Ref. 8), usually 10 - 30 m (Ref. 8).  Tropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 30°N - 31°S, 29°E - 103°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-West Pacific. Introduced in the Mediterranean. Tropical to subtropical.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 11.8, range 11 - 12 cm Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 19.5 cm TL (female); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 104940)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum carapace length: 5.0 cm (female; Ref. 7). Prefers bottom sandy mud (Ref. 8). Also occurs on seagrasses, mudflats, sandflats and mangrove channels. Frequently burrows (Ref. 106912). Feeds on crustaceans, polychaetes, molluscs, fishes, algae and detritus (Ref. 104916). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). Females spawn once every two (2) months (Ref. 104933).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). Females spawn once every two (2) months (Ref. 104933).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; bait: occasionally
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high