Malacostraca | Decapoda
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 19.5 cm TL (female); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 104940)
Benthic; brackish; depth range 1 - 170 m (Ref. 8), usually 10 - 30 m (Ref. 8)
Climate / Range
Tropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 30°N - 31°S, 29°E - 103°E
Indo-West Pacific. Introduced in the Mediterranean. Tropical to subtropical.
Maximum carapace length: 5.0 cm (female; Ref. 7). Prefers bottom sandy mud (Ref. 8). Also occurs on seagrasses, mudflats, sandflats and mangrove channels. Frequently burrows (Ref. 106912). Feeds on crustaceans, polychaetes, molluscs, fishes, algae and detritus (Ref. 104916). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). Females spawn once every two (2) months (Ref. 104933).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; bait: occasionally
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)