Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Hodgson, G. 1998. (Ref. 269)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 100.0 cm COLD male/unsexed; (Ref. 269)
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 847)
Climate / Range
Tropical; 36°N - 30°S, 32°E - 137°W (Ref. 847)
Colonies form encrusting plates (up to 1 m diameter) which may develop short (10 cm), gnarled, vertical branches, particularly in shallow water. Corallites are arranged in near parallel rows that meander slightly. The walls are almost the same width as the corallites. Septa are continuous over walls between adjacent corallites (Ref. 269). Zooxanthellate (Ref. 19).
Common at shallow to intermediate depths (Ref. 269) in a wide variety of reef environments, especially in lagoons (Ref. 101940). Zooxanthellae (Ref. 19). Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
High vulnerability (60 of 100)