Bivalvia | Veneroida
Harvey-Clark, C. 1997. (Ref. 7726)
Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7726); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 2823)
Benthic; depth range 0 - 36 m (Ref. 83435)
Climate / Range
Subtropical, preferred 17°C (Ref. 107945); 49°N - 30°N, 80°E - 65°W (Ref. 83435)
Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Maximum depth from Ref. 104365. Found buried in muddy sediment on the lower shore and shallow sublittoral and in bays and estuaries. Prefers sandy environments to depths of 15 m (Ref. 78574). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
FAO(Aquaculture: production, fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100)