Malacostraca | Amphipoda
Vittor, B.A. 2002. (Ref. 3209)
Size / Weight / Age
Benthic; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 108754)
Climate / Range
Western Central Atlantic: USA.
Prefers very shallow water along the shoreline where leaves and other mangrove debris accumulate (Ref. 108780). Found in an estuary (Ref. 108782). On salt marsh, hard substrate, and seagrass (Ref. 110266). Occurs under decaying mangroves during daytime. Grazes on the bacteria-laden organic scum off the undersides of mangrove leaves. Other gut contents include fine inorganic matter, vascular plant detritus, along with bacteria and protozoa. Nocturnal grazing also occurs, consuming microalgae on the exposed upper surfaces of decaying leaves. Observed to tear apart large pieces of decaying leaves (Ref. 108780). Members of the order Amphipoda are gonochoric and sexually dimoprhic (males larger than females). Mating behavior: Males locate potential partners with the aid of their antenna to detect the pheromones released by the females; the male then rides or carries the female until the latter is ready to molt. When the female is ready, the male pushes the sperm into the marsupium and releases the female afterwards. A few hours later, the female releases her eggs into the marsupium for fertilization. Life cycle: Eggs are brooded in the marsupium. Eggs hatch into juveniles and remain in the marsupium for a few days. Each species undergo 20 molts at most, i.e., 1-year long life cycle (Ref. 833).
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)
CITES status (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
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Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models