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Melicertus latisulcatus   (Kishinouye, 1896)

western king prawn

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Melicertus latisulcatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Melicertus latisulcatus (western king prawn)
Melicertus latisulcatus
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 80 m (Ref. 8).  Tropical, preferred 25°C (Ref. 107945); 39°N - 35°S, 37°E - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-West Pacific: from Mozambique to Western Australia including Persian Gulf, Red Sea and Arabian Sea; then from North Korea down to Gulf of St. Vincent, South Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 13.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 19 cm TL (female)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Intertidal. Juveniles are found on seagrass beds and mangroves higher in the shoreline (Ref. 106908). Inhabits open sea areas with sandy or muddy and sandy bottom (Ref. 374). Nocturnal (Refs. 10, 85270). Burrows on sand at daytime (Ref. 801). Little is known about its diet. In general, they are known to be scavengers, herbivores or detritus feeders (Ref. 114281). Life cycle: pelagic larvae (four larval stages: nauplii, zoea, mysis and post-larvae) to inshore juvenile to offshore adult (Ref. 107331). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). The male transfers its spermatophore to the female's thelycum (Ref. 107331). 850,000 eggs released by females at a single spawning and may spawn more than once each year (Ref. 85270).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Life cycle: pelagic larvae (four larval stages: nauplii, zoea, mysis and post-larvae) to inshore juvenile to offshore adult (Ref. 107331). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). The male transfers its spermatophore to the female's thelycum (Ref. 107331).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high