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Melicertus latisulcatus   (Kishinouye, 1896)

western king prawn
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Image of Melicertus latisulcatus (western king prawn)
Picture by FAO

Classification
Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 13.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 19 cm TL (female)

Environment
Benthic; depth range 0 - 80 m (Ref. 8)

Climate / Range
Tropical, preferred 25°C (Ref. 107945); 39°N - 35°S, 37°E - 180°E

Distribution
Indo-West Pacific: from Mozambique to Western Australia including Persian Gulf, Red Sea and Arabian Sea; then from North Korea down to Gulf of St. Vincent, South Australia.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Intertidal. Juveniles are found on seagrass beds and mangroves higher in the shoreline (Ref. 106908). Inhabits open sea areas with sandy or muddy and sandy bottom (Ref. 374). Nocturnal (Refs. 10, 85270). Burrows on sand at daytime (Ref. 801). Life cycle: pelagic larvae (four larval stages: nauplii, zoea, mysis and post-larvae) to inshore juvenile to offshore adult (Ref. 107331). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). The male transfers its spermatophore to the female's thelycum (Ref. 107331). 850,000 eggs released by females at a single spawning and may spawn more than once each year (Ref. 85270).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses
Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Scirus | Sea Around Us | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high