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Marthasterias glacialis   (Linnaeus, 1758)

spiny starfish

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Marthasterias glacialis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Marthasterias glacialis (spiny starfish)
Picture by Fenwick, David

Classification
Asteroidea | Forcipulatida | Asteriidae
Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Main reference
Koukouras, A. and M.-S. Kitsos. 2010. (Ref. 85345)
References | Biblio | Coordinator | Collaborators

Size / Weight / Age
Max length : 70.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 114120); 22 cm WD (female)

Environment
Benthic; depth range 0 - 180 m (Ref. 106647)

Climate / Range
Subtropical; 71°N - 37°S, 32°W - 30°E

Distribution
Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea: north of Finland across the Mediterranean basin and the Adriatic Sea to the Guinean Gulf.
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum length of female (Ref. 106625) is based on occurrence; to be replaced with a better reference. Values are in diameter. Subtidal (Ref. 106814). Not commonly found intertidally; from sublittoral to a depth of around 180 m (Ref. 106815). Inhabits heterogeneous muddy sandy bottom (Ref. 106592). Mobile carnivorous species (Ref. 96498). Members of the class Asteroidea exhibit both asexual (regeneration and clonal) and sexual (gonochoric) means of reproduction. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic larvae and later metamorphose into pentamorous juveniles which develop into young sea stars with stubby arms (Ref. 833).

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 114614)

   

CITES status (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans




Human uses

| FisheriesWiki |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources
BHL | BOLD Systems | Check for other websites | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | FishBase | Tree of Life | uBio | uBio RSS | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models

Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown